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Paint: Different Types, Finish, Uses and Application

The easiest and most inexpensive way to give any room a makeover is with a fresh coat of paint. A few coats of paint can dramatically change the look and atmosphere of your home. There are several considerations to make before starting any painting project.


Primer is the key to a good paint job. When applied as a base coat, primer can help paint adhere to surfaces, increasing durability and extending the lifetime of the paint. Primer is also essential when changing the color of walls from light to dark. Use a white primer for colors that are light or neutral. You may need two coats of primer if the existing walls are dark. When applying a bright, bold or dark paint, the primer should be tinted. You can make your own tinted primer by mixing a small amount of the desired paint color in with white primer.


There are two main types of paint to choose from, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Latex paint is one option that is well suited for many projects because it is water-thinned and requires less ventilation than some other paints. It is also one of the fastest drying paints available. Alkyd resin paint is another good choice that is commonly used for interiors. It is very thick and ideal for high traffic areas because it is so easy to clean. Solvents must be used with alkyd resin paint and therefore, proper ventilation is important.


Choosing the right finish can make all the difference when painting. It is important to consider the function of the room and type of wall surface before deciding which type of paint to buy. Matte finish paint is perhaps the most common wall covering. It is flat and has no shine, making it ideal for textured surfaces or walls with imperfections. The only downside is that it needs to be retouched often, because it is difficult to clean. Eggshell is a good choice that is very versatile and can suit many needs. It has a subtle shine that reduces the appearance of blemishes on the wall and can be easily cleaned. Satin is another finish that is easy to clean and has a slight sheen to it. Because satin paint is shinier than matte or eggshell finishes, imperfections on the wall will be quite visible. Gloss is another common paint finish that is very shiny. It highlights blemishes on the wall but can be wiped clean with minimal effort and rarely needs retouching. Semi-gloss is another shiny paint that is in between satin and gloss finish. It has all the same characteristics as gloss paint.


Before applying paint, the room must first be prepared. Make sure to cover floors and furniture with drop cloths and protect trim with painter`s tape. It is also a good idea to repair any imperfections on the wall before priming. Start your painting project in one corner of the room by cutting in or painting around trim. Use a small to medium size brush and work from top to bottom in long, even strokes. Fill in open surfaces with a roller, working from ceiling to floor in three to five foot sections. Matte, eggshell and satin finishes in light or neutral tones can often be applied in one to two coats. Gloss and semi-gloss finishes in dark or bold colors require more coats for even coverage. After the paint has dried, check for bubbles or lumps and sand and retouch them as necessary.

Of course, paint can only change the look of a room to a certain extent. You will also need to make a few other decor changes for maximum effect. The best place to start is with flooring. For example, plain rugs are one surefire way to get your new walls noticed. Without any distractions on the floor, your guests` eyes will instantly be drawn to your newly painted walls.

Source: http://www.dunelm-mill.com/

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